Llevant de Mallorca

Llevant de Mallorca

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In early 2007, the Government of the Balearic Islands approved by Decree the marine reserve Llevant de Mallorca which is located northeast of the island, between Cala Mata and Cape of Freu. The area covers a total of 5,900 hectares marine, which about 1,900 ha declared as a No-Take Area (NTA). This marine area has a great diversity of habitats, fish and benthic communities. So far 32 communities have been recorded, mostly in a good state, and more than 900 species, mainly algae, fish and shellfish. The presence of Posidonia oceanica, extended both on rocky and on sandy bottoms, authentic biodiversity hotspots and seabeds of corals and cave communities of the caves of Cape of Freu that are dominated by sponges, bryozoans and cnidarians, create systems that are one of the most interesting and unique fauna of our coast.

It should be noted that the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries also declared interest as a marine reserve fishing the outer waters surrounding this area (BOE no. 89 of April 13, 2007).


The Marine reserve consists of three areas with different levels of protection:

· The first zone is a No-Take Area (NTA) between Cape Ferrutx and “Penya des Llamp” which covers about 1,900 ha and prohibits any type of fishing

· The restricted zone is comprising the surrounding waters of the islet Albarca Faralló within 0.2 nautical miles. It will have the same regulations as the rest of the reserve until the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries set specific limitations

· In the rest of the reserve artisanal fishing with certain restrictions, recreational fishing from shore and boat, deep sea fishing and scuba diving with permission of the Directorate General of Fisheries is permitted.

Throughout the reserve trawling, purse seine, longline, collecting shellfish, coral fishing and catching fish and invertebrates whose populations are currently threatened is prohibited.

These fish species include Squatina spp., Scyliorhinus stellaris, Mustelus spp., Dasyatis spp., Hippocampus spp., Nerophis spp., Syngnathus spp., Umbrina cirrosa, Argyrosomus regius and invertebrates Maja squinado, Charonia rubicunda, Conus mediterraneus, Astraea rugosa and Octopus macropus.

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