Marine Protected Areas

To achieve optimal results, marine protection must be based on science and embraced by the community.

By combining scientific marine research and innovative educational initiatives Asociación Ondine works towards the creation and effective management of a network of carefully selected Marine Protected Areas in the Balearic sea.

Marine Protected Areas

A fragile Balearic sea

The Balearics Islands are one of the main tourist destinations in Europe. Their natural beauty attracts millions of visitors each year, swelling an already growing local population. Despite being home to some of the most abundant marine environments in the Mediterranean, the impact that expanding demographics, increasing mass tourism and human related activities such as overfishing, overconsumption and pollution have on the local marine environment is severe and has put fragile marine species and ecosystems in danger of decay.

As this development is expected to continue over time, the pressure from human-related activities on the marine environment - unless urgent action is taken - is highly likely to reach a point from which marine ecosystems will not be able to recover, eventually resulting in a collapse with inevitable consequences for all stakeholders.

The local government has put effort into increasing the number and area of marine protected areas (MPAs), with the positive results from El Toro marine reserve being one prime example of successful marine protection. Its positive effects on the fishing, yachting and tourism industry clearly demonstrate that economical growth is not only compatible with, but dependent upon, environmental care. 

To achieve effective marine protection and surveillance of MPAs, the government depends on science-based information from marine researchers and technicians. This is where Asociación Ondine plays an important role. 

A fragile Balearic sea

A Network of Marine Protected Areas

Asociación Ondine aims to help the government to develop an effective and well-managed network of carefully selected MPAs. A properly designed network will have environmental, economic, cultural & social benefits for the Balearics. 

To identify the optimal locations for new MPAs we work closely with a devoted team of experienced marine scientists, various scientific institutions and the local government. Our MPA-team conducts scientific surveys and studies possible new MPA sites, supplies survey data from dive expeditions and creates proposals and outlines required for the selection, declaration and management of new MPAs. 

Technical criteria need to be followed when choosing the number, location, design and management of new MPAs in order to optimise their potential benefits and the financial resources allocated to them. To maximise positive results it is crucial that new MPAs are selected based on objective scientific data and that the connectivity between selected areas is considered. 

To create a positive spill over effect in the in-between areas, the distance between MPAs is determined by taking into account important factors such as the distance of larvae dispersal. This will enable optimal selection of new MPAs, allowing marine ecosystems to recover and eventually resulting in a significant increase in biodiversity and fish stocks in the Balearic Sea.  

By basing MPA locations on scientific data, we ensure  protection and preservation of the most valuable and vulnerable species and ecosystems. 

A Network of Marine Protected Areas

Dragonera Island Marine Reserve

Currently there are eight marine reserves and one marine national park covering less than 6% of the Balearic sea. The most recently declared Dragonera Island marine reserve is a direct result of Asociación Ondine's collaboration with the local government. 

In 2015 Asociación Ondine was asked by the government to supply scientific data and present a proposal for the management of a new MPA around the island of Sa Dragonera. The proposal, developed by our MPA-team, was approved in full and the new MPA was declared in October 2016. 

The Parliament of the Balearic Islands approved the Law 6/2013 on sea fishing, shellfish and aquaculture in the Balearic Islands, which, among other things, stipulates guidelines for planning and managing marine reserves of the Balearic archipelago. In this regard, the Directorate General for Fisheries and Medi Marí of the Government of the Balearic Islands expressed interest in Asociación Ondine's project "A Network of Balearic Islands Marine Protected Areas: Effective marine protection based on science", which aims to establish scientific criteria for the creation of a Network of MPAs in the Balearic Islands. In addition, AO was chosen to represent the institutions of nature conservation in the "Monitoring Commission" of the Dragonera Marine Reserve.

We now work towards the inclusion of Sa Dragonera's external waters, which are under the jurisdiction of the Spanish government, into the marine reserve. Simultaneously we continue with the planning and execution of our upcoming scientific expeditions.

 

Dragonera Island Marine Reserve